By Juan Dufflar Amel – DFLP
Only the Syrian people can solve their domestic affairs, said the representative of the DFLP in Cuba.
Walid A. Nur, the representative of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine in Cuba, gave a presentation on his recent visit to Syria. Speaking at the event organized by the Organization of Solidarity of the People of Asia, Africa and Latin America (OSPAAL), he said that only the Syrian people —without external interference —can find a solution to the difficult and tense situation faced by that sister Arab country.
For this reason, we strongly oppose the hostile and destabilizing campaign being implemented by Western countries and some members of the League of Arab States. These efforts are supported by a psychological war waged by the corporate mass media to present a picture of chaos and anarchy. The press is supporting and encouraging the forces that are opposed to President Bashar Al-Assad’s government and that are maintaining and increasing the violent climate in the capital and other cities.
That “media war” uses the term “Arab spring” to refer to the popular rebellions or intifadas that have emerged in several countries of the region to defend their rights, though these have not achieved their goals, democratic aspirations or their social and political demands. This has confused many people because there is nothing farther from the true Arab spring we desire for the Middle East than the events that are taking place among these peoples, where their aspirations are being repressed through force.
“During my visit to Damascus,” said Nur, “I could see no atmosphere of war in the capital. People are living their daily lives normally; shops are open, people go to work and carry on their other activities without any types of limitations. There are, however, confrontations between those who support the current government and those against it, but neither side supports a solution of extreme internal or external violence that could destabilize the country.
“We need to point out that there have been violent demonstrations in Damascus and other parts of the country over the past 10 months, and there is opposition and division among those who defend the government and those against it – just as differences exist even within a single family.
“Regarding Syrian’s political and social situation, I would say that there are different types of opposition. This is reflected through army deserters, citizens who express their discontent with the government over the current division, opposition coming from parties and religious sects, tension that is encouraged directly from abroad, as well as opposition produced by Syrian forces have joined with reactionary Arab sectors that have historically been against the government.
“A very important factor for the peaceful and negotiated solution of the situation is the ethnic-religious composition of the Syrian population, which has nearly 30 million inhabitants, mostly Sunni Arabs but also Shiites, Alaouites, Druzes and Christians. An armed confrontation could help to destabilize the country and cause it to lose the harmony and coherence that has always existed in this nation. This could evolve into extremely violent situations like the ones we have seen in Iraq and now in Egypt.”
Concerning Syria’s geographical location and its 2,250 km of border with neighboring Arab countries, Israel or Turkey, Nur said this is also a high-risk factor because of the vulnerability posed by the infiltration of additional armed groups. Some of these have already slipped into various cities and villages supported by governments that are enemies of Al-Assad’s government.
“For Palestinians and Lebanon, this is very complex situation given the numbers of people living in Syria and the support that Damascus has always offered to the Palestinians’ just cause.”
He underlined that Syria, that beloved country, is a state that we also consider a front of resistance to the Zionist-imperialistic plans in the Middle East. Military aggression would bring about unpredictable consequences in the entire region for the opposition by producing situations like what occurred in Libya, which was caused by the West and its allies in their efforts to overthrow that government.
We consider that Syria must be defended, this is why we speak out and oppose any foreign interference in Syria´s internal affairs and are against all political and financial sanctions affecting its economy. We are against the maneuvers by some Arab countries to again take this issue to the United Nations Security Council, which would create the possibility of military intervention following the failure suffered by the resolution vetoed by Russia and China, which otherwise would have opened the doors to this kind of confrontation.
“The external opposition does not want dialogue with the government because they feel strengthened by all the support given by the West and by reactionary Arab sectors. However the people —despite dissatisfaction, shortages or discrepancies they may have with the Syrian government´s political and social administration —they do not want a civil war and are calling for dialogue and a peaceful solution. We think this is the correct way to change the violent environment and to reach an agreement without further bloodshed or the loss of human lives,” he added.
“Neither a military nor a security solution, nor the slogans raised in the demonstrations against the government can solve this acute crisis. Only a new political formula to address the problems and the beginning of an urgent internal dialogue on a democratic basis, democratic constitutions and new electoral laws can lead to peace and avoid the civil war promoted by the West,” concluded Nur.